Beethoven | Composer Biography | Music History Video Lesson
Beethoven | Composer Biography | Music History Video Lesson

FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN (1732-1809)
One of the most prominent composers of the classical
period. His life is described as a “rags-to-riches” story.
He came from a poor family and his music led to his
rise in social status.
He was hired by rich patrons and eventually became a
musical director for the Esterhazy family for 30 years.
His music reflects his character and personality:
mainly calm, balanced, serious but with touches of
humor.

Compose over 100 Symphonies and developed
them into long forms for a large orchestra.
He was named, “Father of the Symphony”
although he excelled in every music genre of the
period.
Most of his symphonies have nicknames such as
the “Surprise Symphony”, “The Clock”, “The
Military”.
He also wrote chamber piano music and choral
works.

Is a child prodigy and the most amazing genius in
musical history.
At 5, he was already playing the violin and the
harpsichord.
At 6, he was recognized as an exceptional pianist.
At 7, he was composing excellent music.
At 13, he had written sonatas, concertos, symphonies,
religious works, and operas and operettas.
He experimented in all kinds of music and composed
over 700 works.

Unfortunately, due to mismanaged finances he lived
his life in poverty, died young and was buried in an
unknown grave.
He composed wonderful concertos, symphonies and
opera such as “The Marriage of Figaro” (1786), “Don
Giovanni” (1789), and “The Magic Flute” which
became popular.
Other known works: Eine Kleine Nachtmusic,
Symphony no. 40in G major, and Sonata no. 11 in A
major K311.

He was born in Bonn, Germany to a family of
musicians and studied music at an early age.
He was the composer who bridged the late Classical
era and the early Romantic era.
He was a talented pianist and composer
His famous compositions include 32 piano sonatas, 21
set of variations, 9 symphonies, 5 concertos for pianos,
16 string quartets and choral music.
His works include the “Missa Solemnis” (1818-1823)
and opera “Fidelio” (1805).

His known symphonies are: Symphony No. 3
(Eroica),Symphony No. 5, No.6 (Pastoral), No.9
(Choral), which adds voices to the orchestra.
He began to go deaf in 1796 but this did not become a
hindrance.
He continued composing through the help of an
assistant and hearing gadget.
Some of his famous compositions were made when he
was deaf.

His music veered toward larger orchestras.
Sound was centered on the violas and lower registers
of the violins and cellos to give his music a darker
mood.
All themes in a piece are tied together by one motif.
He developed musical themes and motifs extensively
by means of modulation.
He used more brass instruments and dynamics.

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