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Introduction to Chapter 4: Pythagorean Theorem and Its Converse

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Pythagorean Theorem If a triangle is a right triangle, then the sum of the squares of the lengths of the legs is equal to the square of the length of the hypotenuse.

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Finding the Length of the Hypotenuse

What is the length of the hypotenuse in Triangle ABC?

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Simplest Radical Form Simplify

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Simplest Radical Form Simplify

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Finding the Length of the Leg

What is the value of x? Express your answer in simplest radical form.

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Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem

If the sum of the squares of the lengths of two sides of a triangle is equal to the square of the length of the third side, then the triangle is a right triangle.

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Obtuse and Acute Triangles

If the square of the length of the longest side of a triangle is GREATER THAN the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides, then the triangle is OBTUSE. If the square of the length of the longest side of a triangle is LESS THAN the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides, then the triangle is ACUTE.

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Pythagorean Triples A Pythagorean triple is a set of nonzero whole numbers, a, b, and c that always satisfy the equation a² + b² = c². Some common Pythagorean Triples: 3, 4, 5 5, 12, 13 8, 15, 17 7, 24, 25 Keep an eye out for the multiples of these common Pythagorean Triples (ex. 6, 8, 10)

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Classifying a Triangle

A triangle has side lengths 6, 11, and 14. Is it acute, obtuse, or right? c² ___ a² + b² 14² ___ 6² + 11² 196 ___ 196 > 157 The triangle is obtuse.

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Homework Worksheet: The Pythagorean Theorem and Its Converse #’s 1-18

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