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Unit 5 Day 13 Graph Practice & Writing Equation Given Graph

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Warm-up 1. Identify the amplitude, period, and midline of the following trig function. Hint: it may help to trace out one cycle. State the amplitude, period, and midline of each of the following: . y = (1/2)sin (x) 3. y = -5cos (3x) . y = sin(x +5) – 6 . y = 2cos (x) + 3

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Warm-up Answers 1. Identify the amplitude, period, and midline of the following trig function. Hint: it may help to trace out one cycle. State the amplitude, period, and midline of each of the following: . y = (1/2)sin (x) 3. y = -5cos (3x) . y = sin(x +5) – 6 . y = 2cos (x) + 3 Amp = 1/2, per = 360°, midline: y = 0 Amp = 5, per = 120°, midline: y = 0 Amp = 1, per = 360°, midline: y = -6 Amp = 2, per = 360°, midline: y = 3 Amp = 1.5, per = 360°, midline: y = 0

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Homework Answers

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Homework Answers

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Homework Answers

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Homework Answers

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Tonight’s Homework Packet p. 27-28

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Graphing Practice # 1-4

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Graphing Practice Graph the following functions over two periods, one in the positive direction and one in the negative directions. Label the axes appropriately. 1. y = -2 sin (3x) Amp: ____ Midline: ____ Per: ____ 2. y = cos (2x) Amp: ____ Midline: ____ Per: ____ 3. y = 3 sin (1/2x) Amp: ____ Midline: ____ Per: ____ 4. y = -2 cos (4x) Amp: ____ Midline: ____ Per: ____

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Graphing Practice Answers

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Graphing Practice Answers

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Day 13 Notes: Writing Equations of Trig Functions

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Notes: Writing an equation given a trig graph

To write an equation of a trigonometric function when given a graph, first determine amplitude, period, and midline of the graph. **HINT: tracing one cycle of the graph can help determine these values AND decide if sine or cosine is better. Then use those values and the formulas to calculate a, b, and d of the standard equation y = a sin(bx) + d or y = a cos(bx) + d.

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The standard equations are

y = a sin(bx) + d and y = a cos(bx) + d Formulas we must know Amplitude = | a | = | max – min | 2 Period = 360° = end – start | b | Midline is y = (Max + Min) = d OR y = Min + Amp = d 2

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Write the equation for the following trigonometric functions.

1) A radio transmitter sends a radio wave from the top of a 50-foot tower. The wave is represented by the accompanying graph. Amp: 1 = a Period draw the rest of 1 cycle = 360 per = 360/b 360 = 360/b b = 1 Y = sin(x) Midline: y = 0, d = 0 Hill then valley do sine y = sin(x)

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Write the equation for the following trigonometric functions.

2) The accompanying graph represents a portion of a sound wave. Amp: |max-min|/2= |3-1|/2= 1 = a Period trace out 1 cycle = 180 per = 360/b 180 = 360/b b = 2 Midline: y = 2, d = 2 Y = sin(2x) + 2 Hill then valley do sine y = sin(2x) + 2 45° 90° 135° 180°

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Write the equation for the following trigonometric functions.

Amp: |5-(-5)|/2 = 5 a = 5 3) Period trace out 1 cycle 8-0 = 8 per = 360/b 8 = 360/b b = 45 Midline: y = 0, d = 0 Valley then hill do cosine y = 5cos(45x) Y = 5cos(45x)

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You Try! Write the equation for the following trigonometric functions.

4) ) y = -2 cos(x) y = -2 sin(90˚x)

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You Try! Write the equation for the following trigonometric functions.

6) The figure at the left shows that the depth of water at a boat dock varies with the tides. The depth is 6 feet at low tide and 12 feet at high tide. On a certain day, low tide occurs at 6 AM and high tide occurs at 12 Noon. Depth of Water y = 3 cos(30˚x) + 9 # of Hours after Midnight

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Start Homework Packet p. 26-27

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