How to find the volume of a cylinder / Volume of a cylinder formula
How to find the volume of a cylinder / Volume of a cylinder formula

In Geometry, we have learned about different solid shapes such as cylinders, cubes, cuboids, cones and so on. The hollow cylinder is also a three-dimensional shape. The cylinder that is empty from the inside and has some thickness at the peripheral is known as a hollow cylinder. In this article, we are going to learn the volume of hollow cylinder, its formula, derivation and examples in detail.

## Volume of Hollow Cylinder Formula

The hollow cylinder is defined as a cylinder, which is empty from inside and has some difference between the internal and external radius. The bottom of the hollow cylinder looks like an annular ring. In other words, the bottom of the hollow cylinder resembles a region bounded by two concentric circles.

If both the outer and inner radius of a hollow cylinder along with the height is given, then the volume of the hollow cylinder is given by the formula:

 Volume of Hollow cylinder, V = π (R2 – r2) h cubic units

Where,

“R” is the outer radius, “r” is the inner radius, and “h” is the height of the hollow cylinder.

## Volume of Hollow Cylinder Derivation

We know that the volume of cylinder is Base area × Height = (πr2) × h cubic units

Where “r” is the radius and “h” is the height of the cylinder.

Thus, the volume of a hollow cylinder can be calculated by subtracting the volume of the internal cylinder from the volume of the external cylinder.

(i.e) Volume of Hollow cylinder with outer radius “R” and inner radius “r” and height “h” = Volume of a cylinder with radius “R” and height “h” – Volume of a cylinder with radius “r” and height “h”.

⇒The volume of hollow cylinder = πR2× h – πr2× h

⇒ V = π (R2 -r2)h cubic units

Hence, the volume of the hollow cylinder, V = π (R2 -r2)h cubic units, is derived.

### Steps to Find the Volume of a Hollow Cylinder

The following are the steps to find the volume of the hollow cylinder:

Step 1: Identify the given dimensions of the hollow cylinder, such as inner radius “r”, outer radius “R” and height “h” and make sure that all have the same units.

Step 2: Substitute the given values in the volume of hollow cylinder formula V = π (R2 -r2)h.

Step 3: Finally, represent the answer along with the unit.

### Volume of Hollow Cylinder Examples

Example 1:

Find the volume of a hollow cylinder whose outer radius is 7 cm and inner radius is 5 cm and height is 7 cm. (Use π = 22/7)

Solution:

Given:

Height = 7 cm.

To find: Volume “V”.

We know that the formula for the volume of a hollow cylinder is π (R2 -r2)h cubic units.

Substituting the known values in the formula, we get

V = (22/7)(72 – 52)7 cm3

V = 22(49-25) cm3

V = 22(24) cm3

V = 528 cm3

Therefore, the volume of a hollow cylinder’s outer radius is 7 cm, inner radius is 5 cm and height is 7 cm is 528 cm3.

Example 2:

Find the height of the hollow cylinder given that volume = 314.15 cm3, outer radius = 6 cm and inner radius = 4 cm. (Use π =3.14)

Solution:

Given:

Outer radius, R = 6 cm

Inner Radius, r = 4 cm

Volume = 314.15 cm3

To find: Height “h”

As we know, the volume of hollow cylinder formula is, V = π (R2 -r2)h cubic units

Now, substitute the known values

314.15 = (3.14)(62-42)h

314.15/3.14 = (36-16)h [314.15/3.14=100.047, which is rounded to 100]

100 = 20h

h= 100/20

h= 5

Hence, the height of the hollow cylinder is 5 cm.

Example 3:

Determine the inner radius of a hollow cylinder whose outer radius is 5 cm, height is 10 cm and volume is 502.4 cm3. (Use π =3.14)

Solution:

Given: Outer radius, R = 5 cm

Height = 10 cm

Volume = 502.4 cm3

Substituting the values in the volume of the hollow cylinder formula,

V = π (R2 -r2)h cubic units

502. 4 = (3.14) (52 – r2)(10)

(502.4)/(31.4) = 52 – r2

16 = 52 – r2

16 = 25 – r2

r2 = 25-16

r2 = 9

r = 3.

Therefore, the inner radius of the hollow cylinder r is 3 cm.

### Practice Question

Solve the following problems:

1. Find the volume of a hollow cylinder whose outer radius is 3 m, inner radius is 1 m and height is 4m. (Use π =3.14).
2. Find the outer radius of the hollow cylinder whose inner radius is 2 cm, height is 8 cm and volume is 527.78 cm3.
3. Find the height of the hollow cylinder whose volume is 829.38 cm3, outer radius is 12 cm, and inner radius is 10 cm.

## Frequently Asked Questions on Volume of Hollow Cylinder

### What is the volume of a hollow cylinder?

The volume of a hollow cylinder is the region enclosed by the shape “hollow cylinder” in the three-dimensional plane. A hollow cylinder is a kind of cylinder which is empty from inside and has some thickness at the peripheral.

### Does a hollow cylinder have two radii?

Yes, a hollow cylinder has two radii such as outer radius “R” and inner cylinder “r”.

What is the formula for the volume of a hollow cylinder?

If “R” is the outer radius and “r” is the inner radius and “h” is the height, then the volume of the hollow cylinder formula is V = π (R2 -r2)h cubic units.

### How to express the volume of a hollow cylinder?

The volume of a hollow cylinder is expressed in cubic units, such as cm3, m3, ft3, and so on.

### What is the base area of a hollow cylinder?

The base area of the hollow cylinder is the area of the annular ring of the cylinder (i.e. the region bounded by the two concentric circles).

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